Subject Coordinators - Mrs E Smith and Miss O Rhodes

The teaching of Science enables the acquisition of a systematic, scientific approach to learning, developing useful knowledge, skills and attitudes about the world in which we live. 

Science experience is presented to the children in a practical, relevant context.

Systematic inquiry, analysis of problems, formation of ideas, their testing and modification are encouraged through whole class, group or individual investigations and project work, designed to arouse the children's natural curiosity.

Purpose of study

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.


The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

Scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding

Pupils should be able to describe associated processes and key characteristics in common language, but they should also be familiar with, and use, technical terminology accurately and precisely. They should build up an extended specialist vocabulary. They should also apply their mathematical knowledge to their understanding of science, including collecting, presenting and analysing data.

The nature, processes and methods of science

‘Working scientifically’ should include: observing over time; pattern seeking; identifying, classifying and grouping; comparative and fair testing (controlled investigations); and researching using secondary sources. Pupils should seek answers to questions through collecting, analysing and presenting data.

School curriculum

The programmes of study for science are set out year-by-year for key stages 1 and 2. Schools are, however, only required to teach the relevant programme of study by the end of the key stage. Within each key stage, schools therefore have the flexibility to introduce content earlier or later than set out in the programme of study.

Withernsea Primary School Science Long term Plan 

Year 1:

  • Seasonal changes
  • Everyday materials
  • Animals including humans (name common animals and label a basic human body)
  • Plants (name common wild and garden plants)

Year 2:

  • Uses of everyday materials
  • Living things and their habitats (life processes and food chains)
  • Plants (germination and growth)
  • Animals including humans (lifecycles, diet and hygiene)

Year 3:

  • Animals including humans (skeletons and muscles)
  • Light (how shadows form)
  • Magnets
  • Rocks
  • Plants (functions of parts of a plant including flowers)

Year 4: 

  • Animals including humans (teeth and digestion)
  • States of matter
  • Electricity (simple circuits, conductors and insulators)
  • Sound
  • Living things and their habitats (grouping, classifying and environmental change)

Year 5:

  • Properties and changes of materials
  • Earth and space
  • Forces (gravity, friction and mechanisms)
  • Living things and their habitats (lifecycles and reproduction)
  • Animals including humans (stages of human life)

Year 6:

  • Evolution and inheritance
  • Living things and their habitats (classification and microbes)
  • Light (light sources and how light travels)
  • Electricity (circuit diagrams, voltage and components)
  • Animals including humans (human circulation, legal and illegal drugs)